By | April 6, 2015

Grain Size (Grit)

The grinding wheel is made up of thousands of abrasive grains. The grain size or grit number indicates the size of the abrasive grains used in making a wheel, or the size of the cutting teeth. Grain size is denoted by a number indicating the number of meshes per linear inch of the screen through which the grains pass when they are graded. There are four different groups of the grain size namely coarse, medium, fine and very fine. If the grit number is large, the size of the abrasive is fine and a small grit number indicates a large grain of abrasive.

Coarse    : 10, 12, 14, 16, 20, 24
Medium    : 30, 36, 46, 54, 60
Fine           : 80, 100, 120, 150, 180
Very fine   : 220, 240, 280, 320, 400, 500,  600


The grade of a grinding wheel refers to the hardness with which the wheel holds the abrasive grains in place. It does not refer to the hardness of the abrasive grains. The grade is indicated by a letter of the English alphabet. The term ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ refers to the resistance a bond offers to disruption of the abrasives. A wheel from which the abrasive grains can easily be dislodged is called soft whereas the one, which holds the grains more securely, is called hard. The grade of the bond can be classified in three categories.

Surface Grinding Machines
Soft           : A B C D E F G H
Medium    : I J K L M N O P
Hard          : Q R S T U V W X Y Z


The relative spacing occupied by the abrasives and the bond is referred to as structure. It is denoted by the number and size of void spaces between grains. It may be ‘dense’ or ‘open’. Open structured wheels are used to grind soft and ductile materials. Dense wheels are useful in grinding brittle materials.

Dense        :     1        2       3        4       5          6         7        8

Open   :           9          10        11        12        13        14        15 or higher

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