Objective: To learn about the wavelengths of light produced by the sun and the electromagnetic spectrum. Standards: Objects in the Sky (sky object properties; why is the sun important?), Origin and Evolution…

Objective: To simulate thunder and in doing so, learn why and how it happens in Earth’s atmosphere. Standards: Structure of the Earth System (atmospheric composition and properties at different elevations; clouds-formation and…

Objective: To demonstrate the properties of air when it is warmed. Standards: Structure of the Earth System (atmospheric composition and properties at different elevations), Energy in the Earth System (heating of…

Objective: To demonstrate air pressure and its effects and influences on surrounding materials. Standards: Structure of Earth System (atmospheric composition and properties at different elevations) and Structure and Properties of Matter (properties…

Objective: To illustrate the differences between weathering and erosion and to strengthen understanding of these concepts. Standards: Changes in Earth and Sky (slow erosion, weathering) and Properties of Earth Materials (physical and…

Objective: To demonstrate the processes of mid ocean ridge formation. Standards: Structure of the Earth System (plate tectonics and its relation to volcanoes, mountain building, and earthquakes) and Energy in the…

Objective: To demonstrate the forces that cause earthquakes, the tension that can build up at earthquake faults, and the ensuing debris produced at a fault. Standards: Structure of the Earth System…

Objective: To learn how fractures in earth’s crust develop by pulling on the edges of a slice of cheese. Standards: Structure of the Earth System (plate tectonics and its relation to…

Objective: To demonstrate a dip – slip and strike – slip fault movement. Standards: Structure of the Earth System (plate tectonics and its relation to volcanoes, mountain building, and earthquakes). Materials:…

Objective: To learn about properties of soils and how their contents relate to the principle of density and sedimentation. Standards: Properties of Earth Materials (physical and chemical properties of rocks and soils;…

Objective: To learn about the physical properties of porous rock types. Standards: Properties of Earth Materials (physical and chemical properties of rocks and soils). Materials: Various porous rocks, a shallow baking…

Objective: To quickly be able to test rock specimens and identify them and to also learn about the chemical properties of rocks. Standards: Properties of Earth Materials (physical and chemical properties…

Objective: To teach the scientific principle of the Law of Superposition and its importance in science. Standards: Properties of Earth Materials (fossil properties; historical significance), Earth’s History (uniformitarianism and catastrophism; fossils show…

Objective: To introduce the topic of seismic waves produced by earthquakes. Standards: Structure of the Earth System (plate tectonics and its relation to earthquakes), Transfer of Energy (energy types, characteristics, and…